The genetic code is the set of rules by which information encoded in genetic material (DNA or RNA sequences) is translated into proteins (amino acid sequences) by living cells. Specifically, the code defines a mapping between tri-nucleotide sequences called codons and amino acids; every triplet of nucleotides in a nucleic acid sequence specifies a single amino acid.
Genetic code - Wikipedia
The genetic code is the set of rules by which information encoded within genetic material (DNA or mRNA sequences) is translated into proteins by living cells.
The genetic code (article) | Khan Academy
The genetic code links groups of nucleotides in an mRNA to amino acids in a protein. Start codons, stop codons, reading frame.
The Genetic Code
The genetic code by which DNA stores the genetic information consists of "codons" of three nucleotides.The functional segments of DNA which code for the transfer of genetic information are called genes.With four possible bases, the three nucleotides can give 4 3 = 64 different possibilities, and these combinations are used to specify the 20 different amino acids used by living organisms.
The Genetic Code
The genetic code consists of 64 triplets of nucleotides.These triplets are called codons.With three exceptions, each codon encodes for one of the 20 amino acids used in the synthesis of proteins. That produces some redundancy in the code: most of the amino acids being encoded by more than one codon.
Genetic code - An Introduction to Genetic Analysis - NCBI ...
If genes are segments of DNA and if DNA is just a string of nucleotide pairs, then how does the sequence of nucleotide pairs dictate the sequence of amino acids in proteins? The analogy to a code springs to mind at once. The cracking of the genetic code is the story told in this section. The experimentation was sophisticated and swift, and it did not take long for the code to be deciphered ...
Genetic code | definition of genetic code by Medical ...
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Genetic code | Britannica.com
Genetic code: Genetic code, the sequence of nucleotides in deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonucleic acid (RNA) that determines the amino acid sequence of proteins. Though the linear sequence of nucleotides in DNA contains the information for protein sequences, proteins are not made directly from DNA. Instead,
Genetic Code and RNA Codon Table
Learn about the genetic code, the information in DNA and RNA that determines amino acid sequences in protein synthesis.
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